The Exhibition

The exhibition occupies three floors.

On the ground floor there are objects in stone and marble on display in two adjoining rooms.

In the first room there are numerous sculptures of the Roman period, some of them of remarkable dimension that reproduces Greek models of particular historical and artistic interest. They come from the wide range of Roman villas (large country estates) spread out over the territory, with a great many on the coast. Noteworthy among the exhibited objects are the two slabs with Roman gladiators and fighting scenes found in Santa Marinella (Castrum Novum). From Villa Simonetti in Santa Marinella, where the Roman jurist Ulpiano is supposed to have lived, comes the enormous statue of Apollo (1st century AC), which, according to recent interpretations on the basis of scientific comparisons, is thought to be a marble copy of the colossus of Rhodos, by the Greek sculptor Leochares. Also from this villa comes the magnificent statue of Athena Parthenos (1st century BC), a Roman copy of the famous original, made by the Greek sculptor Phidias.

Near the port entrance by the city centre of Centumcellae (the ancient name of Civitavecchia which was created around the port built by the emperor Trajan), three imperial busts were found in 2006, one of which was headless, one of Marcus Aurelius and the last of Septimius Severus (2nd century AC). Underwater in the port was also found the head of a female divinity, in Phidian style and a Roman copy of the head of Hermes (1st century AC).

In the second room there is a display of inscriptions found in the Roman burial ground (sepolcreto romano) of Prato del Turco, where the sailors of the naval station (marinai della flotta di stanza) were buried in the port of Trajan.

On the first floor are displayed objects, especially in ceramics from the Protohistoric, Villanovian and Archaic ages coming from the archaeological areas of Civitavecchia and from more inland areas such as the Tolfa hills and the Mignone basin.

The objects discovered in Luni sul Mignone and on Monte Rovello (Allumiere), from the

Middle and Late Bronze Age (17th-13th century BC) are important for understanding the settlement structure during the second millennium BC. Among these objects there are ceramic fragments painted in an Aegean style coming from Luni sul Mignone.

Noteworthy are the items, mainly jars,( olle,) in red impasto ware, found in settlements located mostly on the northern coast. The settlements of Torre Valdaliga, Mattonara and Marangone, from the Early Iron Age used to exploit sea resources, such as salt and fish.

Other objects of the 6th and 4th centuries come from burials in pits, coffins or chambers spread out on the coast and which were often built over other more ancient abandoned settlements.

In the exhibition there are also different types of offerings coming from the excavations in the sanctuary of Punta della Vipera (Santa Severa).

On the second and last floor there are decontextualized finds, which are objects found by chance or recovered from illegal excavations. These exhibits are arranged according to their typology and categories. There are examples of ceramics of the Etrusco-Corinthian and Greek styles both figured in black and red, bucchero vases and bronze ornaments. As to the Roman period there are lamps, glass and household utensils of various kinds.

Finally, there is a temporary exhibition which illustrates finds coming from the excavations of the Taurine Baths: marble fragments, stucco works, plaster and a preliminary representation of the 
sophisticated furnishings of the monumental thermal bath area used from the Republican period to the last Imperial period.

 

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